Nelson, xavier , leah , sam


Example:
http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/caribarch/columbus.htm#rumbo
Example: Columbus was aboard La Gallega, the largest of the three vessels. Originally named for Galicia, the town in which she was built, she was known to her sailors as "Marigalante," literally "dirty Mary." Columbus rechristened her Santa María. The others were also known by nicknames: Santa Clara, was known as Niña ("little girl") a play on the name of her owner, Juan Niño; Pinta means "painted one."
Example:
Columbus' ships the Nina, Pinta and the Santa Maria were originally called
Santa Clara, Pinta and Marigalante

Christopher Columbus is credited with the first successful round-trip transatlantic voyage, but even his priority has been questioned. In his day it was rumored that he simply followed a course disclosed to him by a Spanish sailor who died shortly after completing the circuit in 1484
Christtopher Columbus was said to follow a spanish sailer who died shortley after completing his journey
http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/coronado.htm
There had been two Spanish expeditions to the mainland of North America and Velazquez felt there was a need for a followup expedition to establish a permanent colony there. In 1518 Velazquez called upon Cortez, a man of proven leadership ability, to lead that expedition. Cortez knew that unless he acted quickly Velazquez was likely to change his mind. In less than a month Cortez had gathered 300 soldiers and sailed with six ships from Santiago. He picked up other recruits at other Cuba ports so that when the expedition embarked from Cuba to the vicinity of what subsequently became Veracruz Cortez' force numbered somewhat over 600 in 11 ships.
In 1518 vasquez called up on cortez to help him lead his journey.
http://www.sjsu.edu/faculty/watkins/coronado.htm
Cortez fell out of favor with Velazquez when he began an affair with the sister of the woman that Velazquez was courting. Cortez married the sister, Catalina Juarez, and he was once again on good terms with Velazquez. Cortez was twice elected mayor (alcalde) of Santiago.
Cortez quit helping vasquez with his journey
http://ed101.bu.edu/StudentDoc/Archives/ED101sp06/abeach/coronado.htm
In 1540, Coronado set out to find Cibola, the Seven Cities of Gold. It was said that gold and silver was so plentiful in Cibola, that it was used for everyday items, such as tools and utensils. Coronado spent two years looking for the city, and in the process explored much of what is now the southwestern United States. He eventually found it, but it turned out to be an impoverished native town. Coronado returned to Mexico City with only 100 of the original 300 men who began the journey.
Cornado set out to find the the seven citys of gold.



http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/bios/coronado.htm
  • Was born in Spain, and became a Spanish conquistador
  • Went exploring for the seven golden cities of Cibola in today's New Mexico for Antonio de Mendoza, the viceroy of New Spain (Mexico)
  • A governor in Mexico's western part
coroando was born in spain and became a spanish conquizer









http://www.psi.edu/epo/coronado/coronadosjourney.html
In 1540, with a commission by the Viceroy of New Spain and funded by many investors, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado marched north from Compostela, Mexico, with a huge army, to conquer the Seven Cities of Cibola, discovered the year before by the priest, Marcos de Niza. The army contained around 350 Spaniards, some on horseback and more on foot, and around 900 Indian allies gathered from central Mexico, plus herds of livestock. Only a few women went on the expedition, including the wives of a very few Spanish soldiers. They expected to pay off the investments and get rich from gold and jewels in Cibola, but when they reached there in July, 1540, the found no wealth.
Coronado marched from Compostela mexico with a huge army to conquer the seven cites of Cibola.
Francisco de coroando book.
Coronado and his soldiers countinued thier expedition.they traveld east toward the Mississippi River and then west to the land we now call California.They explored much of what is now part of the southwestern United states.In 1540,while traveling through what is now northern Arizona,a small group of Coronados came upon an amazing sight.they saw the grand cayon,the men told Coronado about this huge cayon,which messures one mile (1.6 km) deep.Cornoado was exited about the discovery but it was not what he was looking for he still wanted to find gold.
coronados soldiers were the first eurapeian explores to see the grand cayon. they were more intersted in gold insted of the cayon
marinersmuseum
The Lead Line, a device for measuring the depth of the water as well as obtaining a sample of the ocean floor, is one of the oldest of all navigating tools. The word "lead" is pronounced the same way as in "lead pencil".
the lead line was a divice to see how deep the water is.it was the oldest out of the navigating tools.
francisco de coronado book
When Coronado and his army started out on their jorney up the west coast of what is now Mexico,they dreamed of gold.What they found was a very hard trail.The animals they had brought in order to settle the new cities slowed them down.They were forced to leave some animals behind at a river crossing.The soldiers struggled across deserts and over the mountains.After traveling about 300 miles (483 km) north of New Galicia, Coronado sent scouts ahead.He told the scouts to find the cities of gold and then report back.The scouts did not find any gold.To make things worse,the Native Americans in the did not like Coronado and his army on thier land
when coroando and his army started up the west coast of what is now mexico.
enchantedlearning.com
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (1510-1554) was a Spanish ruler, explorer and conquistador. He was the first European to explore North America's Southwest.







enchantedlearning
Coronado was a governor of New Galicia, a western province of Mexico. He searched fruitlessly for treasure that was rumored to exist in northern Mexico: the fabled seven Golden Cities of Cibola. With a group of hundreds of Spaniards and enslaved natives, he traveled through what is now northern Mexico and the southwestern USA (including Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas). His expedition found only Zuñi, Hopi, and Pueblos, native Americans who repelled Coronado when he demanded that they convert to Christianity. Coronado killed many native Americans during this expedition. Since he did not find gold, silver, or other treasures, his expedition was branded a failure by Spanish leaders
coronado was a govener of new Galicia a westen provience of mexico he searched fruitlessley.






.
http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/presentationsandactivities/
presentations/thanksgiving/timeline/1541.html
May, 1541
May, 1541

Spanish explorer, Francisco Vasquez de Coronado, led 1,500 men in a thanksgiving celebration at the Palo Duro Canyon. Coronado's expedition traveled north from Mexico City in 1540 in search of gold. The group camped alongside the canyon, in the modern-day Texas Panhandle, for two weeks in the spring of 1541. The Texas Society Daughters of the American Colonists commemorated the event as the "first Thanksgiving" in 1959.
francisco vasquez de cornado took 1,500
francisco vaquez de coroando book
In 1540 Coronado left to find the golden cities. He realized that he would need the help of an army to claim these cities. He brought along many soliders.Coronado wore a suit of shinnig gold armor as he took his place at the front of his army.His soliders carried arquebuses,crossbows,swords and shileds.The army showed its pride with colorful banners. The sound of trumpets filled the air.










http://www.fcps.edu/KingsParkES/technology/bios/coronado.htm
Coronado was born to a noble family in Spain about 1510. He was friendly with Antonio de Mendoza. Mendoza was appointed viceroy of New Spain (Mexico) and Coronado accompanied him to New Spain as his assistant. He suppressed a slave rebellion, calmed down the Indians and married the wealthy Beatriz Estrada, daughter of the colonial treasurer. In 1538, Mendoza appointed Coronado the governor of New Galicia, a western province of Mexico
Coronado was born to a noble family in spain about 1510 he was friendly with antonio de mendoza.



http://www.enchantedlearning.com/explorers/page/c/coronado.shtml
Francisco Vásquez de Coronado (1510-1554) was a Spanish ruler, explorer and conquistador. He was the first European to explore North America's Southwest.
Coronado was a governor of New Galicia, a western province of Mexico. He searched fruitlessly for treasure that was rumored to exist in northern Mexico: the fabled seven Golden Cities of Cibola. With a group of hundreds of Spaniards and enslaved natives, he traveled through what is now northern Mexico and the southwestern USA (including Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas). His expedition found only Zuñi, Hopi, and Pueblos, native Americans who repelled Coronado when he demanded that they convert to Christianity. Coronado killed many native Americans during this expedition. Since he did not find gold, silver, or other treasures, his expedition was branded a failure by Spanish leaders.

http://ageofex.marinersmuseum.org/index.php?page=voyages&explorer=65
In October 1538, he was appointed the governor of the Spanish province of New Galicia. It was an ambiguous province at best, and consisted of parts of northern and western Mexico and a very questionable border somewhere in the present-day southwestern United States. Coronado, a very hardy man, was well suited to the remote outpost. In September 1539, New World.">Franciscan monk Marcos de Niza returned to New Galicia from a journey north; he was telling fantastic stories of seven cities filled with gold, silver and precious stones. He claimed the Native Americans called this cluster of rich native towns Cibola
it took two years for Coronado to finifh his first misson
http://ageofex.marinersmuseum.org/index.php?type=navigationtool&id=5
The Traverse Board is a wonderful instrument and one of the world’s first computers.
this device is one of the first coumputers it is called the Traverse borad
http://ageofex.marinersmuseum.org/index.php?type=navigationtool&id=5
While we don't know who or when it was developed, it has been documented in the mid-1500s, and it is likely it was developed in the early 1500s.
this device was developed in the 1500 hunderts.
http://ageofex.marinermuseum.org/index.php?type=navigationtool&id=5
The Traverse Board has a diagram of a compass on it with all 32 points listed. The points are the directions the ship could be sailing. On each of these points there are eight holes drilled, from the center to the outside edge. You therefore have eight concentric circles covering all of the points of a compass. Each circle represents one half-hour segment of an eight-hour watch. In the center of the compass diagram there are eight pieces of line with a peg attached to each. After each half-hour, the ship's boy would place one of the pegs in a hole representing the direction the ship had been sailing for the last half hour. He would do that for each half hour of the watch and thereby create a record at half-hour intervals of all the courses steered during the watch
the traverse borad has 8 holed drilled in it
http://www.nndb.com/people/532/000109205/
Born: c. 1510
Birthplace: Salamanca, Spain
Died: 22-Sep-1554
Location of death: Mexico City, Mexico
Cause of death: unspecified
Remains: Buried, Santo Domingo Church, Mexico City, Mexico
Gender: MaleReligion: Roman CatholicRace or Ethnicity: HispanicOccupation: Explorer
Nationality: SpainExecutive summary: Discovered the Grand Canyon
















http://www.psi.edu/epo/coronado/coronadosjourney2.html





external image map.jpg this is coronados route through


mexico to kanzaz!






Sam: welcome to our presentation about Francisco Vasquez de Coronado!

Leah: this is are crew leader: Leah points at Xavier

Xavier: This is my crew Jasper Mel, Nicole Machiavelli and Melvin stern.

Nelson: here is one fact about Francisco he traveled by foot to find the city of gold it is called cibola